How to get a restraining order

हिंदी में पढ़ें
October 10, 2019
By Advocate Chikirsha Mohanty

Restraining Orders commonly go by the term ‘Injunction’ in India. An injunction/ restraining order is a Judicial Remedy prohibiting persons from doing a specified act called a restrictive injunction or commanding them to undo some wrong or injury called a mandatory injunction and may be either temporary, interim or interlocutory or permanent. A relief of injunction cannot be taken as a right, it is based on discretion.

Indian courts regulate the granting of a temporary injunction in accordance with the procedure laid down under Sections 94, 95 and Order XXXIX of the Civil Procedure Code, whereas, temporary and perpetual injunctions are prescribed by Sections 36 to 42 of the Specific Relief Act.

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Injunction can be further classified into two types:


1. Temporary Injunction

A temporary or interim injunction may be granted on an interlocutory (during the course of a suit) application at any stage of a suit. It is a provisional remedy that is invoked to preserve the subject matter in its existing condition. Its purpose is to prevent dissolution of the plaintiff’s rights. This type will be used when there is a need for immediate relief.

Section 94 (c) and (e) of Code of Civil Procedure contain provisions under which the Court may grant injunction and  Section 95 of Civil Procedure Code further provides for reasonable compensation when such injunction is proved to be of unnecessary nature.

As per Rule 3 of Order XXXIX of the Code of Civil Procedure, the power to grant an ex-parte interim injunction in exceptional circumstances also rests with the court.

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2. Perpetual Injunction 

A party against whom a perpetual Injunction is granted is thereby restrained forever from doing the act complained of. It can only be granted by a final decree made at the hearing and upon merits of the suit.
Sub-section (3) of Section 38 of Specific Relief Act in clauses (a), (b), (c) and (d) further illustrates the circumstances wherein perpetual injunction may be granted by the Court.
Section 41 of the Specific Relief Act, 1963, provides various circumstances in sub section (a) to (j) in which the injunction cannot be granted.
Further, the nature of Injunction can be preventive, prohibitive, restrictive or mandatory.

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In order to file an order of Injunction you need to consider the amount of Suit Relief and the Court in which the suit has to be filed. An application for such an order needs to be attached keeping in view the type of injunction order which is being prayed for, when the suit proceeds, with the appropriate amount of court fee.

Also note that the Hon'ble Supreme Court has observed that the Court has powers U/s.151 of Civil Procedure Code to issue an injunction in cases not falling within Order XXXIX Rule 1 and 2; however that discretion should be exercised judiciously.

It is important to note that the information provided here is for knowledge purposes only. Consult an expert lawyer before initiating such law procedures.


These guides are not legal advice, nor a substitute for a lawyer
These articles are provided freely as general guides. While we do our best to make sure these guides are helpful, we do not give any guarantee that they are accurate or appropriate to your situation, or take any responsibility for any loss their use might cause you. Do not rely on information provided here without seeking experienced legal advice first. If in doubt, please always consult a lawyer.

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User Reviews

4.5 - 22 reviews

good article. In what cases can we get injuction?

Gagan on Mar 08, 2020

need a property lawyer please help

Swapnil on Mar 14, 2020

illegal construction on my property can I get injuction order?

Shruti on Mar 10, 2020

what is the procedure to file for a permanent injuction?

Venkat on Mar 23, 2020

how to get a restraining order form court?

Anoop on Mar 06, 2020

good work. Keep it up

Kapil on Feb 19, 2020

good work

Tanu on Feb 20, 2020

very informative.

Kiran on Mar 19, 2020

Good work with the article.

Deepika on Mar 25, 2020

Excellent work. Very helpful for understanding the subject.

Ayush on Mar 14, 2020

good article and easy to understand

Chetan on Mar 23, 2020

Gave a clear understanding about my legal issue.

Ajeet on Mar 29, 2020

its very helpful on the subject

Tushar on Mar 30, 2020

nice legal article.

Pranav on Mar 25, 2020

it’s a very nice legal article

Saravanan on Mar 07, 2020

great advice. Thanks

Manohar on Feb 15, 2020

Had a good time reading the article.

Rahul on Mar 24, 2020

Very good article

Saravanan on Feb 18, 2020

Written plainly to be understood by anyone who is from a non-legal background.

Rupesh on Mar 07, 2020

thank you for the information

Shobha on Mar 11, 2020

needed legal help…whom shall I contact?

Sonal on Feb 22, 2020

The writer has explained the law perfectly.

Saurav on Feb 24, 2020