SECTION 506 IPC - Indian Penal Code - Punishment for criminal intimidation



Description of IPC Section 506

According to section 506 of Indian penal code, Whoever commits the offence of criminal intimidation shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to two years, or with fine, or with both;

If threat be to cause death or grievous hurt, etc — and if the threat be to cause death or grievous hurt, or to cause the destruction of any property by fire, or to cause an offence punishable with death or imprisonment for life, of with imprisonment for a term which may extend to seven years, or to impute unchastity to a woman, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to seven years, or with fine, or with both.

Offence : Criminal intimidation


Punishment : 2 Years or Fine or Both


Cognizance : Non-Cognizable


Bail : Bailable


Triable : Any Magistrate



Offence : If threat be to cause death or grievous hurt, Etc.


Punishment : 7 Years or Fine or Both


Cognizance : Non-Cognizable


Bail : Bailable


Triable : Magistrate First Class





Criminal Intimidation has been defined in Section 503 of the Indian Penal Code, 1960. The main requirement of the offence is threatening of the victim by the offender. When a person is induced by threat to perform any act or abstain from any act which he is not legally bound to do or omit, it is termed as criminal intimidation. However, for it to be termed as an offence, the offender shall have had the intention to harm either the victim himself/herself, or any other person. The intention is an important aspect and it should exist in the offender’s mind even if he can not execute it. If the offender had absolutely no intention to cause such harm, it would not be an offence of criminal intimidation under the IPC. Offences such as criminal intimidation do not directly affect anybody physically (like in case of murder or rape), but they are punishable under criminal law in India. 


Ingredients of Criminal Intimidation:  

When an individual is threatened or induced to cause injury (by the offender who had the intention):

  1. To his reputation or property, or 

  2. To any individual/person related to him 

The threat must be made with intention to:

  1. Cause alarm to that individual, or

  2. Cause that person to do an act that he/she is not legally bound to do under threat that harm will be caused if he/she does not do that act, or

  3. Cause that person to omit an act that he is legally bound to do under threat that harm will be caused if he/she does that act. 

The ingredients mentioned above are necessary for the offence of criminal intimidation to be completed. For example, a person takes pictures (which could be termed as obscene) of a woman and then threatens such woman to give her money or else this individual would post these pictures on the internet. Here, there is no threat of physical harm to the victim, yet the woman is intimidated / threatened as it affects her reputation. This is a clear offence of criminal intimidation. 
 

Punishment for Criminal Intimidation:

Section 506 of the Indian Penal Code provides punishment for committing the offence of criminal intimidation. In cases of simple criminal intimidation, the term of punishment may extend to two years, or with fine. 

However, in those cases where the threat is caused by an intention to cause death of an individual, or any kind of severe injury to such person, or if the victim is threatened to cause destruction of property by means of fire - then such offender may be liable for imprisonment for a term of 7 years or fine or with both. If the offender threatens to impute the chastity of a woman, the offender could be liable for punishment of imprisonment of up to 7 years and/or fine. The offence of Criminal Intimidation is non-cognizable (which means that the police does not have authority to arrest without a warrant) and bailable (which means that bail can be granted as a matter of right).

FAQ's on IPC Section 506


What offence is defined under IPC 506?

IPC 506 Offence: Criminal intimidation.


What is the punishment for IPC 506 Case?

The punishment for IPC 506 is 2 Years or Fine or Both.


Is IPC 506 cognizable offence or non-cognizable offence?

IPC 506 is a Non-Cognizable.


How to file/defend your case for IPC 506 offence?

Use LawRato for filing/defending your case under IPC 506 with the help of best criminal lawyers near you.


Is IPC 506 bailable or non-bailable offence?

IPC 506 is a Bailable offence.


In what court can IPC 506 be tried?

IPC 506 is tried in the court of Any Magistrate.



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