Sons and Daughters Rights in Father's Property

हिंदी में पढ़ें
November 12, 2019
By Advocate Chikirsha Mohanty

Children as coparceners (a person who shares equally in the inheritance of an undivided property) have certain rights over their father’s property including right in ancestral property by birth; a right to survivorship i.e. the right to divide the share among rest if one of the coparceners dies along with the right to sell their share of the property to anyone they want and so on. These rights have been provided to the coparceners under the Indian succession law and may vary based on different circumstances, sometimes even resulting in a denial of a share in the property. The circumstances have been dealt with below in detail in relation to a son’s and a daughter’s right to inherit the father’s property.

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Rights of Sons in Father’s Property

Under the Hindu Succession Law, a property for the purpose of inheritance has been divided into an ancestral and self-acquired property and the rights related to each of these also differ.
Rights of sons if the property is ancestral
When the property is ancestral inheritance rights to sons accrues by the time of birth as a son is a joint owner of ancestral property. A son also holds a right to file a partition suit for his rightful share in the property and can ask for the same during the lifetime of his father. Moreover, he can sell his share in the ancestral property to any third person even before the formal partition of the property has taken place.

Rights of sons if the property is self-acquired
In case of a self-acquired property, the father has a right to gift or Will the property to anyone he deems fit, and the daughter cannot raise an objection over such transfer. Thus, if the property is a self-acquired property of the father and he has gifted or willed such property to someone by his own will, without any coercion, undue influence, fraud or misrepresentation, a right cannot be claimed over the property.

Rights of Daughters in Father’s Ancestral Property

Earlier, only male members of the Hindu Undivided Family (HUF) had a right over the ancestral property. However, after the amendment made to the Hindu Succession Act in the year 2005, a Hindu female has an equal right in an ancestral property as that of a Hindu male.
Whereas, a self-acquired property has been defined as a property purchased by an individual from his own resources or through any property he acquired from his share in an ancestral property. An owner of a self-acquired property has all the rights to dispose of a self-acquired property in any manner he deems fit, and the legal heirs will not be able to raise an objection.

The Hindu Succession (Amendment) Act, 2005 that came into effect from 9th September 2005 has removed provisions that were discriminatory towards Hindu daughter’s inheritance rights and has given equal coparcenary rights to them as sons. In addition to this, a married Hindu daughter also has a right of residence in her father’s house if she is deserted, divorced or widowed.

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Can a father gift a property to his son?

In a recent case, the Supreme Court held that a property that was gifted by a father to his son could not be counted as an ancestral property simply because he got it from his father. The court stated that the property of the grandfather can be held as the father’s ancestral property.

There are only two conditions under which the father would get the property, one being that he inherits the property after his father dies or in case the fathers’ father had made a partition during his lifetime. However, when the father obtains the grandfather’s property by way of gift, it is not considered an ancestral property. Sons and daughters don’t have any claim on the said property gifted by the grandfather.

A gift from the father to his son is not a part of the ancestral property as the son does not inherit the property on the death of the grandfather or receive it by partition made by the grandfather during his lifetime. The grandson has no legal right on such a property because his grandfather chose to bestow a favor on his father which he could have bestowed on any other person as well.

Thus, the interest which he takes in such a property must depend upon the will of the grantor and therefore, when the son has got the property from his father as a gift, his other sons or daughters cannot claim any part in it calling it an ancestral property. He can alienate the gifted property to anyone he likes and in any way he likes. Such a property is treated as a self-acquired property, provided there is no expressed intention in the deed of the gift by the grandfather while gifting the property to his son.

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Sons and daughters only have the rights in ancestral properties that have devolved upon their father.


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User Reviews

4.7 - 22 reviews

please share more details on women property rights.

Payal on Aug 05, 2020

Very informative. Got all answers regarding my partition case.

Vaibhav on Jul 15, 2020

Very well written. Please share more info on daughters rights. Thanks.

Rekha on Jul 16, 2020

Need a lawyer for my family property case. Where to call?

Shivam on Jul 17, 2020

Father died without will. How to divide property?

Ritu on Jul 07, 2020

Very nice article. English is very simple. Thank you for the information.

Sunitha on Jul 25, 2020

Good work with the article. Solved all my legal queries. Regards.

Sakshi on Jul 27, 2020

amazing article

Kishore on Aug 02, 2020

good article. Can you share more detail

Jitendra on Jul 05, 2020

thanks for the information

Hema on Jul 13, 2020

solved my queries.

Sunita on Jul 19, 2020

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Rohit on Jul 19, 2020

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Swapnil on Jul 18, 2020

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Sandip on Jul 31, 2020

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Chetan on Jul 24, 2020

Very informative and a good read as well.

Supriya on Jul 06, 2020

very helpful and detailed

Sarita on Jul 24, 2020

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Manjunath on Aug 06, 2020

Very nice article.

Tanya on Jul 29, 2020

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Sandip on Jul 06, 2020

I want to know more about this law. Good work

Priyanka on Jun 27, 2020