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SECTION 317 IPC - Indian Penal Code - Exposure and abandonment of child under twelve years, by parent or person having care of it


Last Updated: 01 Jun, 2024
By Advocate Chikirsha Mohanty


Table of Contents
  1. IPC 317 in Simple Words
  2. IPC Section 317 related FAQs
Whoever being the father or mother of a child under the age of twelve years, or having the care of such child, shall expose or leave such child in any place with the intention of wholly abandoning such child, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to seven years, or with fine, or with both.



IPC 317 in Simple Words

Section 317 of the Indian Penal Code states that anyone who is the parent or caretaker of a child under twelve years and intentionally leaves the child in a place with the intention of completely abandoning them can be punished with imprisonment for up to seven years, or a fine, or both.


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Offence : Exposure of a child under 12 Years of age by parent or person having care of it with intention of wholly abandoning it


Punishment : 7 Years or Fine or Both


Cognizance : Cognizable


Bail : Bailable


Triable : Magistrate First Class; Session in M.P.



If a father or mother, or someone who has care for such a child, exposes or leaves such a child anywhere with the intent to abandon such child completely, they will be punished by imprisonment in either category, which can extend up to seven years.





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Frequently Asked Questions


What is the IPC for abandonment of children?

IPC Section 317: Exposure or abandonment of a child younger than twelve years by a parent or other person responsible for it


What do you mean by abandonment of child?

The practice of abandoning a child is to relinquish all claims and interests over them in an illegal manner, with the intention of never resuming guardianship or reclaiming it.


What is IPC 316?

IPC Section 316 – Causing the death of a quick unborn child through an act that amounts to culpable homicide.


What is the IPC section 324?

Section 324 IPC: Voluntarily causing harm by dangerous means or weapons :- Except in the case of section 334, whosoever voluntarily causes harm by using any instrument for stabbing, cutting or shooting, or any other instrument that, when used as a weapon of offense, is likely cause death or by using fire or... 14 February 2023