SECTION 271 IPC - Indian Penal Code - Disobedience to quarantine rule



Description of IPC Section 271

According to section 271 of Indian penal code, Whoever knowingly disobeys any rule made and promulgated by the Government for putting any vessel into a state of quarantine, or for regulating the intercourse of vessels in a state of quarantine with the shore or with other vessels, for regulating the intercourse between places where an infectious disease prevails and other places, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to six months, or with fine, or with both.

 

Offence : Knowingly disobeying any quarantine rule


Punishment : 6 Months or Fine or Both


Cognizance : Non-Cognizable


Bail : Bailable


Triable : Any Magistrate





Section 271 of the Indian Penal Code

What happens if the government has imposed a quarantine rule? Can venturing out during a quarantine get you into trouble? Can there be penal consequences if you disobey the quarantine rule?

Section 271 of the Indian Penal Code is one such provision that requires obedience of quarantine orders imposed by the government and prescribes punishment for disobedience of the same during times when a deadly disease has taken its toll on the people.
 

What is Quarantine Rule?

Quarantine refers to strict isolation imposed to prevent the spread of disease. Governments use quarantines to stop the spread of contagious diseases. Quarantines are for people or groups who don’t have symptoms but were exposed to the sickness. A quarantine keeps them away from others so they don’t unknowingly infect anyone.

Quarantines may be used during:

  • Outbreaks: When there’s a sudden rise in the number of cases of a disease.

  • Epidemics: Similar to outbreaks, but generally considered larger and more widespread.

  • Pandemics: Larger than epidemics, generally global in nature and affect more people.
     

What is Disobedience to Quarantine rule under Section 271?

Section 271 of the Indian Penal Code states as follows:

“Whoever knowingly disobeys any rule made and promulgated by the Government for putting any vessel into a state of quarantine, or for regulating the intercourse of vessels in a state of quarantine with the shore or with other vessels, for regulating the intercourse between places where an infectious disease prevails and other places, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to six months, or with fine, or with both.”

It means that if anybody who knowingly disobeys any rule made with the object of isolating places where an infectious disease prevails from other places, then the person will be guilty under the provision. The section requires disobedience with knowledge of a rule made and promulgated by the government. The rule must be either for putting any vessel in a state of quarantine, or for regulating intercourse between quarantined vessels and shore or quarantined vessels and others vessels, or for regulating intercourse between places where an infectious disease prevails and other places.
 

What actions can be taken against someone who disobeys Quarantine Rule?

Any person who disobeys a quarantine rule as mentioned under Section 271 of the Indian Penal Code can be charged with simple or rigorous imprisonment extendable up to 6 months or fine or both.
 
While the offences under Section 269 (negligent act likely to spread infection of disease dangerous to life) and 270 (malignant act likely to spread disease dangerous to life) are cognisable and bailable, offence under Section 271 is non-cognisable and bailable. Cognisable offence means an offence in which a police officer has the authority to make an arrest without a warrant and to start an investigation with or without the permission of a court. By contrast, in the case of a non-cognisable offence, a police officer does not have the authority to make an arrest without a warrant and an investigation cannot be initiated without a court order. The police can file a First Information Report (FIR) only for cognizable offences. In Cognizable cases police can make investigation without prior permission of Magistrate.

FAQ's on IPC Section 271


What offence is defined under IPC 271?

IPC 271 Offence: Knowingly disobeying any quarantine rule.


What is the punishment for IPC 271 Case?

The punishment for IPC 271 is 6 Months or Fine or Both.


Is IPC 271 cognizable offence or non-cognizable offence?

IPC 271 is a Non-Cognizable.


How to file/defend your case for IPC 271 offence?

Use LawRato for filing/defending your case under IPC 271 with the help of best criminal lawyers near you.


Is IPC 271 bailable or non-bailable offence?

IPC 271 is a Bailable offence.


In what court can IPC 271 be tried?

IPC 271 is tried in the court of Any Magistrate.


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