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SECTION 83 IPC - Indian Penal Code - Act of a child above seven and under twelve of immature understanding


Last Updated: 01 Jun, 2024
By Advocate Chikirsha Mohanty


Table of Contents
  1. IPC 83 in Simple Words
Nothing is an offence which is done by a child above seven years of age and under twelve, who has not attained sufficient maturity of understanding to judge of the nature and consequences of his conduct on that occasion.



IPC 83 in Simple Words

In simple words, Section 83 of the Indian Penal Code states that children between the ages of seven and twelve, who are not mature enough to understand the nature and consequences of their actions, cannot be held criminally liable for any offense they commit.


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83. Unreasonable act of a child aged over seven but under twelve. A child who is older than seven but younger than twelve is not guilty of an offense if he acts in a way that is beyond his maturity.





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Frequently Asked Questions


What is the difference between Section 82 and 83?

In India, there are certain criteria that can be used to determine a child's liability. S. 82 IPC provides absolute immunity for children younger than seven years old. S. 83 gives qualified immunity to children aged seven to twelve, based on their mental abilities.


What is the maxim of Section 83 of the IPC?

U/S. 83 of I.P.C. exempts infants between 7 and 12 years of age from criminal responsibility if it is proven that they lack the mental capacity or basic understanding of their actions. 21 Sept 2023


What is Section 82 of the IPC case law?

According to Section 82 of the Indian Penal Code, anything that a child does under seven years old is not an offense. A child under the age of seven is considered doli incapacitax in India and cannot be charged with any crime. 22 Dec 2022