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SECTION 366 IPC - Indian Penal Code - Kidnapping, abducting or inducing woman to compel her marriage, etc.


Last Updated: 01 Feb, 2024
By Advocate Chikirsha Mohanty


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Table of Contents

  1. Description of IPC Section 366
  2. IPC 366 in Simple Words
  3. IPC Section 366 related FAQs

Description of IPC Section 366

According to section 366 of Indian penal code, Whoever kidnaps or abducts any woman with intent that she may be compelled, or knowing it to be likely that she will be compelled, to marry any person against her will, or in order that she may be forced or seduced to illicit intercourse, or knowing it to be likely that she will be forced or seduced to illicit intercourse, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to ten years, and shall also be liable to fine;

and whoever, by means of criminal intimidation as defined in this Code or of abuse of authority or any other method of compulsion, induces any woman to go from any place with intent that she may be, or knowing that it is likely that she will be, forced or seduced to illicit intercourse with another person shall also be punishable as aforesaid.



IPC 366 in Simple Words

In the Indian Penal Code, anyone who kidnaps or abducts a woman with the intention of forcing her into marriage against her will or into illicit intercourse, or anyone who induces a woman through criminal intimidation or abuse of authority to go to a place where she may be forced or seduced into illicit intercourse, can be punished with imprisonment for up to ten years and fined.

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Section 366: This Section deals with acts of kidnapping or abduction of a woman with the intent to compel her to marry any person against her will or to be forced or seduced to illicit intercourse. Such an act is liable to imprisonment which may extend to ten years, and to a fine.


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Offence : Kidnapping or abducting a woman to compel her marriage or to cause her defilement etc.


Punishment : 10 Years + Fine


Cognizance : Cognizable


Bail : Non-Bailable


Triable : Court of Session





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FAQ's on IPC Section 366

What is the case law of Section 366 IPC?

What is the case law of Section 366 IPC?

What is the IPC section 363 and 366?

The Bench was of the view that as the offence of kidnapping under Section 363 is covered under Section 366, which provides for kidnapping knowing that the victim may be forced to illicit intercourse, there is no need for sentencing separately for the lesser offence, i.e. under Section 363. 25 Jul 2023

What is the IPC section 365 law?

Description. Whoever kidnaps or abducts any person with intent to cause that person to be secretly and wrongfully confined, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to seven years, and shall also be liable to fine.

What is the difference between Section 366 and 498 IPC?

Section 366 IPC is intended to protect the woman from abduction or kidnapping, where she is compelled to marry or have illicit intercourse with a person against her will. Whereas, IPC section 498 intends to protect the rights of the husband.