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SECTION 211 IPC - Indian Penal Code - False charge of offence made with intent to injure


Last Updated: 01 Mar, 2024
By Advocate Chikirsha Mohanty


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Table of Contents

  1. Description of IPC Section 211
  2. IPC 211 in Simple Words
  3. IPC Section 211 related FAQs

Description of IPC Section 211

According to section 211 of Indian penal code, Whoever, with intent to cause injury to any person, institutes or causes to be instituted any criminal proceeding against that person, or falsely charges any person with having committed an offence, knowing that there is no just or lawful ground for such proceeding or charge against that person, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to two years, or with fine, or with both;

and if such criminal proceeding be instituted on a false charge of an offence punishable with death imprisonment for life, or imprisonment for seven years or upwards, shall be punishable with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to seven years, and shall also be liable to fine.



IPC 211 in Simple Words

In simple words, Section 211 of the Indian Penal Code states that if someone falsely institutes a criminal proceeding against another person with the intent to cause injury, knowing there is no just reason for it, they can be punished with imprisonment up to two years, or fined, or both; and if the false charge is for a serious offense punishable with death, life imprisonment, or imprisonment for seven years or more, they can be punished with imprisonment up to seven years, and fined.

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Section 211 Indian Penal Code is applicable to a case where a false charge is made by the accused person against another before a person competent to enquire into it and' either take proceedings himself or cause proceedings to be initiated.


Offence : False charge of offence made with intent to injure


Punishment : 2 Years or Fine or Both


Cognizance : Non-Cognizable


Bail : Bailable


Triable : Magistrate First Class



Offence : If offence charged be punishable with imprisonment for 7 Years or upwards


Punishment : 7 Years + Fine


Cognizance : Non-Cognizable


Bail : Bailable


Triable : Magistrate First Class



Offence : If offence charged be capital or punishable with imprisonment for life


Punishment : 7 Years + Fine


Cognizance : Non-Cognizable


Bail : Bailable


Triable : Court of Session





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FAQ's on IPC Section 211

What is the section 211?

As per Section 211 of the Indian Penal Code, any person who, with the intent to cause injury to any person, institutes or causes to be instituted any criminal proceeding against that person or falsely charges any person with having committed an offense shall be punished with imprisonment for a term of up to two years ... 18 Feb 2023

What is Section 211 of the CRPC?

Section 211 Contents of charge Every charge under this Code shall state the offence with which the accused is charged. If the law which creates the offence gives it any specific name, the offence may be described in the charge by that name only.

What is 182 and 211 IPC?

(ii) It is a criminal offence u/s 182 and 211 of IPC, 1860 to knowingly make a false complaint / accusation and register a false complaint against any person. In such cases the innocent person cannot register FIR or make complaint to Magistrates court against those persons who have filed false Complaint.

What is the Evidence Act section 211?

Under Section 211 of the Evidence Act, a man charged with rape, attempt to commit rape, or indecent assault may, as a defense, show that the alleged victim against whom the offence is alleged to have been committed was of a generally immoral character. The victim is not to be cross-examined on the subject but may be ...