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SECTION 119 IPC - Indian Penal Code - Public servant concealing design to commit offence which it is his duty to prevent


Last Updated: 01 Feb, 2024
By Advocate Chikirsha Mohanty


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Table of Contents

  1. Description of IPC Section 119
  2. IPC 119 in Simple Words
  3. IPC Section 119 related FAQs

Description of IPC Section 119

According to section 119 of Indian penal code, Whoever, being a public servant intending to facilitate or knowing it to be likely that he will thereby facilitate the commission of an offence which it is his duty as such public servant to prevent, voluntarily conceals, by any act or illegal omission, the existence of a design to commit such offence, or makes any representation which he knows to be false respecting such design:

If offence be committed — shall, if the offence be committed, be punished with imprisonment of any description provided for the offence, for a term which may extend to one-half of the longest term of such imprisonment, or with such fine as is provided for that offence, or with both;

If offence be punishable with death, etc — or, if the offence be punishable with death or imprisonment for life, with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to ten years;

If offence be not committed — or, if the offence be not committed, shall be punished with imprisonment of any description provided for the offence for a term which may extend to one-fourth part of the longest term of such imprisonment or with such fine as is provided for the offence, or with both.



IPC 119 in Simple Words

If a public servant knowingly hides or helps hide a plan to commit a crime, and the crime is committed, they can be punished with imprisonment up to one-half of the maximum term for that offense, or if the offense is not committed, they can be punished with imprisonment up to one-fourth of the maximum term or a fine, or both. If the offense is punishable with death or life imprisonment, the punishment can be imprisonment up to ten years.

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This section provides punishment to the public servant who has concealed a design to commit the offence which he had to prevent. The servant would be punished with imprisonment given in the section.


Offence : A public servant concealing a design to commit an offence which it is his duty to prevent, If The offence be committed


Punishment : Half of Offence or Fine or Both


Cognizance : Same As Offence


Bail : Same As Offence


Triable : Same As Offence



Offence : If the offence be punishable with death or imprisonment for life


Punishment : 10 Years


Cognizance : Same As Offence


Bail : Non-Bailable


Triable : Same As Offence



Offence : If the offence be not committed


Punishment : One-Fourth of Offence or Fine or Both


Cognizance : Same As Offence


Bail : Same As Offence


Triable : Same As Offence





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FAQ's on IPC Section 119

What is Section 119 of the abetment?

u2014Whoever, being a public servant, intending to facilitate or knowing it to be likely that he will thereby facilitate the commission of an offence which it is his duty as such public servant to prevent; 71 [voluntarily conceals by any act or omission or by the use of encryption or any other information hiding tool, the ...

What is 120 IPC?

Whoever is a party to a criminal conspiracy other than a criminal conspiracy to commit an offence punishable as aforesaid shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term not exceeding six months, or with fine or with both.

What is Section 177 of IPC?

Furnishing false information.u2014Whoever, being legally bound to furnish information on any subject to any public servant, as such, furnishes, as true, information on the subject which he knows or has reason to believe to be false, shall be punished with simple imprisonment for a term which may extend to six months, or ...