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SECTION 172 IPC - Indian Penal Code - Absconding to avoid service of summons or other proceeding


Last Updated: 01 Apr, 2024
By Advocate Chikirsha Mohanty


Table of Contents

  1. IPC 172 in Simple Words
  2. IPC Section 172 related FAQs
Whoever absconds in order to avoid being served with a summons, notice or order proceeding from any public servant legally competent, as such public servant, to issue such summons, notice or order, shall be punished with simple imprisonment for a term which may extend to one month, or with fine which may extend to five hundred rupees, or with both; or, if the summons or notice or order is to attend in person or by agent, or to produce a document in a Court of Justice, with simple imprisonment for a term which may extend to six months, or with fine which may extend to one thousand rupees, or with both.



IPC 172 in Simple Words

If someone runs away to avoid receiving a summons, notice, or order from a public servant, they can be punished with up to one month in jail, a fine of up to five hundred rupees, or both; and if the requirement is to appear in a Court of Justice or produce a document, the punishment can be up to six months in jail, a fine of up to one thousand rupees, or both.


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Offence : Absconding to avoid service of summons or other proceeding from a public servant


Punishment : Simple Imprisonment for 1 Month or Fine or Both


Cognizance : Non-Cognizable


Bail : Bailable


Triable : Any Magistrate



Offence : If summons or notice require attendance in person, etc., in a court of Justice


Punishment : Simple Imprisonment for 6 Months or Fine or Both


Cognizance : Non-Cognizable


Bail : Bailable


Triable : Any Magistrate






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Frequently Asked Questions


What is the IPC 172 section?

Anyone who absconds to avoid receiving a summons or notice from a public servant that is legally qualified to do so, will be punished by simple imprisonment of up to a month or a fine up to five dollars.


What is Section 172?

The Section 172 notice (Road Traffic Act, 1988) is sometimes referred to as a Notice Of Intended Prosecution. This is a police letter that contains details about an alleged offense and requests the name of the driver who was driving at the time.


What is Section 173 of IPC?

IPC Section 173: Preventing publication or service of summons, other proceedings or preventive service