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INDIAN KANOON SECTION 173 IPC - Indian Penal Code - Preventing service of summons or other proceeding, or preventing publication thereof


Description

Whoever in any manner intentionally prevents the serving on himself, or on any other person, of any summons, notice or order proceeding from any public servant legally competent, such public servant, to issue such summons, notice or order,
or intentionally prevents the lawful affixing to any place of any such summons, notice or order,
or intentionally removes any such summons, notice or order from any place to which it is lawfully affixed,
or intentionally prevents the lawful making of any proclamation, under the authority of any public servant legally competent, as such public servant, to direct such proclamation to be made,
shall be punished with simple imprisonment for a term which may extend to one month, or with fine which may extend to five hundred rupees, or with both;

or, if the summons, notice, order or proclamation is to attend in person or by agent, or to produce a document in a Court of Justice, with simple imprisonment for a term which may extend to six months, or with fine which may extend to one thousand rupees, or with both.


Applicable Offences

1. Preventing the service or The affixing of any summons of notice, or the removal of it when it has been affixed, or preventing a reclamation

Punishment - Simple Imprisonment for 1 Month or Fine or Both
This is a Bailable, Non-Cognizable offence and triable by Any Magistrate

2. If summons etc., require attendance in person, etc. in a court of Justice

Punishment - Simple Imprisonment for 6 Months or Fine or Both
This is a Bailable, Non-Cognizable offence and triable by Any Magistrate

This offence in NOT compoundable.

1. If an offence is cognizable, police has the authority to arrest the accused without a warrant and to start an investigation with or without the permission of a court. Otherwise police does not have the authority to arrest the accused without a warrant and an investigation cannot be initiated without a court order.

2. If an offience is bailable, police has the authority to release the accused on bail on getting the defined surety amount along with a duly filled bail bond at the concerned police station. Otherwise arrested person has to apply for bail before a magistrate or court

3. If an offence is compoundable, a compromise can be done between the accused and the victim, and a trial can be avoided. Otherwise, No compromise is allowed between the accused and the victim except under certain situations, where the High Court or the Supreme Court have the authority for quashing a matter.


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