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SECTION 120A IPC - Indian Penal Code - Definition of criminal conspiracy


Last Updated: 01 Feb, 2024
By Advocate Chikirsha Mohanty


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Table of Contents

  1. Description of IPC Section 120A
  2. IPC 120A in Simple Words

Description of IPC Section 120A

According to section 120A of Indian penal code, When two or more persons agree to do, or cause to be done:

  1. an illegal act, or
  2. an act which is not illegal by illegal means, such an agreement is designated a criminal conspiracy;

Provided that no agreement except an agreement to commit an offence shall amount to a criminal conspiracy unless some act besides the agreement is done by one or more parties to such agreement in pursuance thereof.



IPC 120A in Simple Words

Section 120A of the Indian Penal Code states that when two or more people agree to do an illegal act or achieve a legal act through illegal means, it is considered a criminal conspiracy, but the agreement alone is not enough unless some action is taken to carry it out.

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Under Section 120A of the IPC, criminal conspiracy is characterised as an arrangement between at least two individuals to attempt anything illicit, i.e.: A criminal offence. A demonstration that is not restricted by regulation yet is completed unlawfully.




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FAQ's on IPC Section 120A

What are the ingredients of 120A?

An illegal act, or; An act that is not illegal by illegal means.

What is Section 120 IPC in India?

Whoever is a party to a criminal conspiracy to commit an offence punishable with death, imprisonment for life or rigorous imprisonment for a term of two years or upwards, shall, where no express provision is made in this Code for the punishment of such a conspiracy, be punished in the same manner as if he had abetted ...

What is the difference between Section 34 and 120A IPC?

Difference between section 34 and section 120A, of IPC 1860: For applicability of section 34, an act done in pursuance of common intention is necessary whereas for applicability of section 120A, an act done in pursuance of intention is not necessary but the only intention is itself is enough to commit an offence. 10 May 2022

What is the Supreme Court Judgement on Section 120B IPC?

The Supreme Court observed that some kind of physical manifestation of agreement to commit an offence is required to attract the offence of Criminal Conspiracy under Section 120B of the Indian Penal Code. 25 Aug 2022