quesWife misused blank signed cheques and filed cheque bounce 138 case?

I issued a few cheques to my seperated wife for monthly expense of my son. She use to cash it every month. One day I lost my office bag which had few signed blank cheques so I informed the bank and they cancelled all the old cheques.


I informed my seperated wife about it but she still presented them in the bank and let them bounce while I was not in country and now she has filed a Cheque Bounce case against me.


Please advice what can be done?


  • ans


    When you say that you had 'lost' your office bag containing the said cheques, and your wife put them in the bank i.e. had the possession of the said cheques, are you stating that the 'lost' office bag was actually 'stolen' by your wife?


    Let's sort your question regarding your defence to the cheque bounce case filed against you by your wife first. Lost / Stolen cheques which were duly informed by you to the bank for a stop payment and also informed by you to your wife, is a valid and strong enough defence under Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act in addition to the defence that arises by the fact that there would be a difference in the handwriting / ink due to the cheques being blank and the same adds potency to your story of the cheques being lost / stolen.


    Coming to look at this from another point of view, in case the lost cheques were infact in the possession of your wife, it amounts to theft, cheating and criminal breach of trust wherein you may file a complaint against your wife under Section 406 & 420 IPC amongst other applicable sections and charges.


    Lastly, would conclude stating that all the above defence & rebuttals would hold ground provided you haven't entered into an agreement with your wife for the maintenance of your son for which you had not provided her the same through any mode (cash / cheque) and she thereby used the alleged 'lost' cheques to fulfil your obligation towards the said maintenance.


    This is being said as by default, issuing a cheque means you have a financial obligation towards the holder / name bearer of the cheque unless proven otherwise by the defendant, i.e. the person issuing the cheque.


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