One of the best Advocates & Lawyers in Delhi - Advocate Aditya Singha

Advocate Aditya Singha

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LawRatoConnaught Place, Delhi
LawRato10 years Experience
Practice Areas
Arbitration, Bankruptcy / Insolvency, Breach of Contract, Corporate, High Court, Media and Entertainment, Startup
Language(s) Spoken: English, Hindi
Advocate Aditya Singha has been practicing and handling cases independently with a result oriented approach, both professionally and ethically and has now acquired excellent professional experience in providing legal consultancy and advisory services.

Advocate Aditya provides services in various fields of Banking/Finance Matters, Startup Matters, Documentation Matters, Corporate Matters and drafting and vetting of various agreements and documents.

Advocate Aditya enrolled with the Bar Council of Delhi in 2014. He is a member of Delhi Bar Association.

Enrollment Number : D/1178/2014
  • Delhi High Court

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Questions Answered by Advocate Aditya Singha

Q: How to get out of an an option contract

I am an owner of a business startup. We have received an option contract from a buyer to buy our business subject to due diligence with an open-ended expiry date. The terms are they will provide loan, pay the staff, provide a monthly budget as a "going concern" business to reach positive revenue state. The directors of the company already spent 4 weeks and none of the above has been fulfilled. Buyer is just asking for more documentations we do not have and must produce. I would like to get out of the option contract so we can act on other offers before the business die. Can we (the seller) willingly fail the due diligence ?

Advocate Aditya Singha answered
The most important question here is to check if there is any exclusivity term in your Term Sheet / Memorandum of Understanding / Letter of Intent etc., that specificially restricts you from engaging with any other potential investor or buyer. These restrictions may or may not be time bound. Normally, early stage investments do not take a significant time for due diligence unless there are serious flaws or gaps in record keeping. In any case, the option to exit from any potential arrangement would depend solely on what has been agreed upon. Generally, there are exclusivity periods within which the diligence is completed, and depending on the agreed terms, you can terminate the existing arrangement or simultaneously search for other investors.

Q: questions regarding entitlement of shares

I am 90% shareholder of a Pvt company, total authorised capital is 5 lakh of 5000 shares of Rs.100 each. Paid up capital is Rs.90,000 for 900 shares. Now I want to exit the company if the company valuation is today Rs.20 lakh, then how much I am entitled for. Am I entitled only equivalent to 900 shares for which I have paid or I am entitled for 90% 5000 shares?

Advocate Aditya Singha answered
Hi,The first thing you must keep in mind is that since your company is a private limited company, its shares are generally not as freely transferable as the shares of a public listed company. This means that even if someone values your company's shares to be worth INR 20 lakh, you would still need a buyer willing to purchase those shares from you. Technically, you are only eligible to sell those shares which are paid-up, that means, shares which are registered in your name and for which you have paid the necessary amounts to the Company. Since your paid up capital is worth 900 shares, you can only sell those 900 shares. Coming to valuation, if someone has valued your entire company at INR 20 lakh, this means that such person has valued each share to be INR 400 per share (INR 20 lakh/5000 shares). So the value of your shareholding, technically, is 900*400 = INR 3,60,000/-But here's the interesting bit. If you are considering to completely sell your shareholding, you can command a price greater than just the value of the shares based on valuation. There are certain aspects concerning your shareholding in the Company that you can use to your advantage to obtain a greater price, provided you have a willing buyer.

Q: What can be correct share division for PPP of a company in India

Me and my Australian co-founder are registering a company in Australia and have a plan to bring it to India in future. We started the company together, something like a 50-50 partnership thing. Now that we have decided to register it in Australia, he is suggesting 30% equity for him and a 8% for me considering the PPP(purchasing power parity) values in Australia and India. According to PPP, he said we need to share it in 4:1 ratio (32-8) and the rest for investors and stuff. I need some legal advice on this and also, how should we share equity after starting the Indian branch ?

Advocate Aditya Singha answered
There is no legal restriction or prohibition or regulation concerning the manner in which the capital of a company may be divided. It is entirely up to the parties to mutually agree to a ratio. Using the PPP is not prohibited by Indian law so it could be one of the ways in which the ratio is decided. Ultimately, the only requirement under Indian law is that a private limited company must have at least 2 shareholders and at least 1 director resident in India. Barring that, the parties are free to decide on the capital ratio and contribute the capital to the company.

Q: What all Documents & agreements are required for seed funding round

Hi, what all agreements are reached & documentation is required between a founder & an investor before receiving a seed fund. Can any one please mention an exhaustive list.

Advocate Aditya Singha answered
Before you even start discussing the mechanics and terms of any arrangement, you must enter into a detailed Non Disclosure Agreement with the Investor. This protects your startup from any unauthorized disclosure of sensitive information being shared with the Investor. Even if the deal does not go through, the NDA is an extremely important document.The term sheet is also a vital document that reflects an understanding of some basic aspects of the proposed funding. It's importance lies in the fact that it captures the deal mechanics, logistics and commercial understanding of the parties so as to avoid any misconceptions in the future. It also acts as the base for the investment agreement. The investment agreement is the definitive binding document that ultimately results in the funding coming into the startup and appropriate instruments being issued to the Investor. It captures in details the manner in which the funds would come in and other commercial and legal aspects. It's one of the most important document and requires extensive analysis in order to avoid any potential liabilities and litigation. Any Investor receiving rights to the company through seed investments would also execute a shareholders agreement. This sets out the rights and liabilities of each party with respect to each other and third parties in their capacity as security holders of a company. Ancillary documents such as requisite internal authorisations and approvals, secretarial documents, compliance/waiver certificates etc. Are also some documents that assist in plugging any potential loopholes that may be exploited by parties.

Q: SC held that arbitration clause is defective file a recovery suit

I had a contract with some exporter to export rice in Madagascar,the contract was having a clause of Arbitration which was included by the exporter. When the dispute arose,I found that the International Chamber of Commerce & Industry,New Delhi doesn't exist anywhere. I filed an Arb.Petition in SC the SC held that your arbitration clause is defective file a recovery suit. Pls suggest what do I need to do now?

Advocate Aditya Singha answered
First, you may wish to discuss with him in case this was a situation of an honest mistake, and rectify the arbitration clause through mutual consent, before referring it to the appropriate body. However, if the exporter is not agreeing, you may file a petition under Section 11 of the Arbitration Act, 1996 before the High Court of Delhi to have the court appoint an arbitrator to resolve your issues since the agreement contemplated both parties agreeing to arbitration. However, further details may only be provided upon a review of the agreement.

Frequently Asked Questions about Advocate Aditya Singha

Can Advocate Aditya Singha represent me in court?

Yes, Advocate Aditya Singha can represent you in court. The lawyer is trained to present your case in the most effective way possible.

What should I bring to my initial consultation with Advocate Aditya Singha?

When you meet with Advocate Aditya Singha for an initial consultation, it is important to bring any relevant documents or information with you. This may include documents related to your legal issue, such as contracts or court orders, as well as any other relevant information, such as a list of questions or concerns you have about your case.

How do I prepare for my initial consultation with Advocate Aditya Singha?

Before your initial consultation with Advocate Aditya Singha, it can be helpful to think about the specific legal issue you are facing and any questions or concerns you have about your case. You should also gather any relevant documents or information that you think may be helpful in understanding your situation.

What should I expect during my initial consultation with Advocate Aditya Singha?

During your initial consultation with Advocate Aditya Singha, you can expect to discuss the specific legal issue you are facing and the details of your situation. Lawyer will ask you questions to get a better understanding of your case and will provide you with information about your legal options and any potential outcomes.

How do I communicate with Advocate Aditya Singha?

It is important to communicate with Advocate Aditya Singha regularly to stay updated on the progress of your case and to discuss any new developments or concerns you may have. You can communicate with the lawyer through phone calls, emails, or in-person meetings.

How much does it cost to hire Advocate Aditya Singha?

The cost of hiring Advocate Aditya Singha can vary widely. Some lawyers charge hourly rates, while others charge a flat fee for their services. Some also offer free initial consultations to discuss your case. Kindly contact the lawyer directly to enquire about the fee.