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SECTION 445 IPC - Indian Penal Code - House-breaking


Last Updated: 01 Feb, 2024
By Advocate Chikirsha Mohanty


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Table of Contents

  1. Description of IPC Section 445
  2. IPC 445 in Simple Words

Description of IPC Section 445

According to section 445 of Indian penal code, A person is said to commit “house-breaking” who commits house-trespass if he effects his entrance into the house or any part of it in any of the six ways hereinafter described;

or if, being in the house or any part of it for the purpose of committing an offence, or having committed an offence therein, he quits the house or any part of it in any of it in such six ways, that is to say:

  1. If he enters or quits through a passage made by himself, or by any abettor of the house-trespass, in order to the committing of the house-trespass.
  2. If he enters or quits through any passage not intended by any person, other than himself or an abettor of the offence, for human entrance; or through any passage to which he has obtained access by scaling or climbing over any wall or building.
  3. If he enters or quits through any passage which he or any abettor of the house-trespass has opened, in order to the committing of the house-trespass by any means by which that passage was not intended by the occupier of the house to be opened.
  4. If he enters or quits by opening any lock in order to the committing of the house-trespass, or in order to the quitting of the house after a house-trespass.
  5. If he effects his entrance or departure by using criminal force or committing an assault, or by threatening any person with assault.
  6. If he enters or quits by any passage which he knows to have been fastened against such entrance or departure, and to have been unfastened by himself or by an abettor of the house-trespass.


IPC 445 in Simple Words

House-breaking is when a person enters or leaves a house unlawfully in any of the six specified ways, which include using passages made for trespassing, climbing over walls, opening locks without permission, using force or threat, or knowingly using a previously fastened passage opened by them or an accomplice for trespassing.

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Housebreaking can happen in six different ways, according to Section 445 of the IPC: 1. Through a passage made by the intruder himself ; 2. Through any passage not used by anyone else; 3. Through any passage opened for the purpose of committing housebreaking but not intended to be open; 4.




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FAQ's on IPC Section 445

What is under Section 445 IPC?

Description of IPC Section 445 If he enters or quits through a passage made by himself, or by any abettor of the house-trespass, in order to the committing of the house-trespass. 1 Dec 2023

What is Section 445?

House breaking.u2014A person is said to commit u201chouse-breakingu201d who commits house-trespass if he effects his entrance into the house or any part of it in any of the six ways hereinafter described; or if, being in the house or any part of it for the purpose of committing an offence, or, having committed an offence therein, ...

What is Section 446 of the IPC?

Description. Whoever commits house-breaking after sunset and before sunrise, is said to commit u201chouse-breaking by nightu201d.

What is Section 455 of IPC?

IPC 455 in Simple Words If someone commits lurking house-trespass or house-breaking, with prior preparation to cause harm, assault, wrongfully restrain, or threaten anyone, they can be punished with imprisonment for up to ten years, and may also be fined. 1 Dec 2023