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SECTION 194 IPC - Indian Penal Code - Giving or fabricating false evidence with intent to procure conviction of capital offence


Last Updated: 01 Feb, 2024
By Advocate Chikirsha Mohanty


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Table of Contents

  1. Description of IPC Section 194
  2. IPC 194 in Simple Words
  3. IPC Section 194 related FAQs

Description of IPC Section 194

According to section 194 of Indian penal code, Whoever gives or fabricates false evidence, intending thereby to cause, or knowing it to be likely that he will thereby cause, any person to be convicted of an offence which is capital by the laws for the time being in force in India shall be punished with imprisonment for life, or with rigorous imprisonment for a term which may extend to ten years, and shall also be liable to fine;

If innocent person be thereby convicted and executed — and if an innocent person be convicted and executed in consequence of such false evidence, the person who gives such false evidence shall be punished either with death or the punishment hereinbefore described.



IPC 194 in Simple Words

In simple words, Section 194 of the Indian Penal Code states that providing false evidence with the intent to get someone convicted of a capital offence can result in imprisonment for life or up to ten years, and if an innocent person is wrongly convicted and executed due to such false evidence, the offender may face either the death penalty or the aforementioned punishment.

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Definition of IPC 194: Giving or fabricating false evidence with intent to procure conviction of capital offence.


Offence : Giving or fabricating false evidence with intent to cause any person to be convicted of a capital offence


Punishment : Imprisonment for Life or Rigorous Imprisonment for 10 Years + Fine


Cognizance : Non-Cognizable


Bail : Non-Bailable


Triable : Court of Session



Offence : If innocent person be thereby convicted and executed


Punishment : Death or As Above


Cognizance : Non-Cognizable


Bail : Non-Bailable


Triable : Court of Session





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FAQ's on IPC Section 194

What is Section 194 rule?

What is Section 194 rule?

What is 194 Dhara?

Offence : Giving or fabricating false evidence with intent to cause any person to be convicted of a capital offence. Punishment : Imprisonment for Life or Rigorous Imprisonment for 10 Years + Fine.

What is IPC 195?

IPC Section 195 - Giving or fabricating false evidence with intent to procure conviction of an offence punishable with imprisonment for life or with imprisonment for 7 Years or upwards

What is Section 197 of IPC?

Whoever issues or signs any certificate required by law to be given or signed, or relating to any fact of which such certificate is by law admissible in evidence, knowing or believing that such certificate is false in any material point, shall be punished in the same manner as if he gave false evidence.