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SECTION 153AA IPC - Indian Penal Code - Promoting enmity between different groups on ground of religion, race, place of birth, residence, language, etc., and doing acts prejudicial to maintenance of harmony


Last Updated: 01 Feb, 2024
By Advocate Chikirsha Mohanty


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Table of Contents

  1. Description of IPC Section 153AA
  2. IPC 153AA in Simple Words
  3. IPC Section 153AA related FAQs

Description of IPC Section 153AA

According to section 153AA of Indian penal code,

  1. Whoever
    1. by words, either spoken or written, or by signs or by visible representations or otherwise, promotes or attempts to promote, on grounds of religion, race, place of birth, residence, language, caste or community or any other ground whatsoever, disharmony or feelings of enmity, hatred or ill-will between different religious, racials, language or regional groups or castes or communities, or
    2. commits any act which is prejudicial to the maintenance of harmony between different religious, racial, language or regional groups or castes or communities, and which disturbs or is likely to disturb the public tranquility, or
    3. organizes any exercise, movement, drill or other similar activity intending that the participants in such activity shall use or be trained to use criminal force or violence or knowing it to be likely that the participants in such activity will use or be trained to use criminal force or violence, or participates in such activity intending to use or be trained to use criminal force or violence or knowing it to be likely that the participants in such activity will use or be trained to use criminal force or violence, against any religious, racial, language or regional group or caste or community and such activity for any reason whatsoever causes or is likely to cause fear or alarm or a feeling of insecurity amongst members of such religious, racial, language or regional group or caste or community, shall be punished with imprisonment which may extend to three years, or with fine, or with both.
  2. Offence committed in place of worship, etc — Whoever commits an offence specified in sub-section (1) in any place of worship or in any assembly engaged in the performance of religious worship or religious ceremonies, shall be punished with imprisonment which may extend to five years and shall also be liable to fine.


IPC 153AA in Simple Words

Section 153AA of the Indian Penal Code punishes those who promote or attempt to promote disharmony or hatred between different religious, racial, language, or regional groups, or engage in activities intending to use criminal force or violence against any such group, with imprisonment up to three years, or fine, or both, and up to five years of imprisonment with fine if the offence is committed in a place of worship or during religious ceremonies.

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Offence : Promoting enmity between classes


Punishment : 3 Years or Fine or Both


Cognizance : Cognizable


Bail : Non-Bailable


Triable : Magistrate First Class



Offence : Promoting enmity between classes in place of worship, etc.


Punishment : 5 Years + Fine


Cognizance : Cognizable


Bail : Non-Bailable


Triable : Magistrate First Class





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FAQ's on IPC Section 153AA

What is Section 153 A of the IPC?

Section 153A of the Indian Penal Code (IPC) penalises u201c promoting enmity between different groups on grounds of religion, race, place of birth, residence, language, etc., and doing acts prejudicial to maintenance of harmony u201d. This is punishable with imprisonment up to three years, with a fine, or both. 25 Feb 2023

What is Section 153 B of the IPC?

makes or publishes any assertion, counsel, plea or appeal concerning the obligation of any class of persons, by reason of their being members of any religious, racial, language or regional group or caste or community, and such assertion, counsel, plea or appeal causes or is likely to cause disharmony or feelings of ...

Is 153 IPC bailable?

It may be either given by a police officer who is having custody of the accused by the court. Both the punishment laid out Section 153 of the Indian Penal Code, promising imprisonment for the term of 1 year, or fine, or both and imprisonment for 6 months, or fine, or both are bailable under this section.