Legal considerations for every startup business

August 16, 2022
By Advocate Chikirsha Mohanty

According to Merriam-Webster Dictionary, Start-up means “the act or an instance of setting in operation or motion”.

Here’s a quick guide for startups to know the basic incorporation and other legalities involved.

Registration of a start-up:

It is very important for a start-up to be in a legal form of business. It can be a one-person company, private limited company, partnership firm, limited liability partnership, or sole proprietorship.

The whole point here is to analyze what can be the best option for your start-up considering the budget of the organization:

  1. A single founder looking to start a Private Limited Company can choose One Person Company initially which mandatorily gets converted into a private limited company subject to fulfillment of certain conditions as laid down in the Companies Act, 2013.

  2. Single founders or multiple founders having individuals or businesses as customers and the amount involved in a transaction is high, should choose between a private limited company, LLP, or one person company.

  3. Single founders or multiple founders who are not confident enough about their start-up should stick to Sole proprietorship or Partnership respectively.

Labour Laws:

Human resources-related laws or employment laws in India do not stem from any single legislation and there are over 200 laws at the federal level and the state level. Essentials one include:

  1. Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013

  2. Maternity Benefit Act, 1961

  3. Equal Remuneration Act, 1976

  4. Payment of Bonus Act, 1965

  5. The Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972

  6. Employees’ Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952

  7. Employees’ State Insurance Act, 1948

  8. Employment Exchanges (Compulsory Notification of Vacancies) Act, 1959


Venture Capital investment is the most formal way. Despite the young age of the start-up, the investor will usually conduct due diligence on the Company.

Obtaining a License:

Licensing depends on the nature of the business. One should contact their counsel for details regarding the same as ignorance of the law is not an excuse in legal matters.

Contract Law: 

Contracts are indispensable tools of entrepreneurs. Hence, basic knowledge of certain fundamental principles of contracts certainly helps. Contract Law in India is governed under the Indian Contracts Act, 1872.

Ways of Dispute Resolution: 

Disputes are inevitable in today’s business world. Knowledge always helps whether it is about the formal (how court cases work) and informal (arbitration, mediation, conciliation, etc.) ways of dispute resolution.

Accounts and Taxation:

Indian Tax laws are divided into two types: Direct Taxes, as the name suggests, are taxes that are directly paid to the government by the taxpayer. It is a tax applied on individuals and organizations directly by the government e.g. income tax, corporation tax, wealth tax, etc. Indirect Taxes are applied on the manufacture or sale of goods and services.

Risk Management:

A start-up should keep in mind, the risk involved in the day-to-day regime of their work:

  1. For an e-commerce/internet-based company:

The minimization of the liability of the start-up on the internet largely depends on the nature of representations made by the start-up on its websites, like Terms of Use, privacy policies, and the usage agreements.

  1. The IT Act, 2000:

With the computerization of the Ministry of Company Affairs, digital signatures have gained significance as a convenient way for foreign companies to conduct their Indian operations. This act recognizes such transactions.

  1. Content Regulation:

Laws primarily applicable include the Indian Penal Code, 1860 , the Indecent Representation of Women (Prohibition) Act, 1986, and the IT Act itself, amongst others.

Intellectual Property Laws:

There are broadly five types of Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) that a startup needs to protect to leverage its intellectual property, which are: (a) Patents, (b) Copyrights, (c) Trademarks, (d) Designs, and (e) Trade Secrets.

The information provided in the article is a general overview of how a Start-up should be legally ready. One should always consult a Lawyer and other professionals for customized service according to the Start-up’s requirement.


These guides are not legal advice, nor a substitute for a lawyer
These articles are provided freely as general guides. While we do our best to make sure these guides are helpful, we do not give any guarantee that they are accurate or appropriate to your situation, or take any responsibility for any loss their use might cause you. Do not rely on information provided here without seeking experienced legal advice first. If in doubt, please always consult a lawyer.

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User Reviews

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loved the way concept is explained. Nicely written for any layman to understand.

Vipin on Apr 28, 2023

thanks for the information

Tanya on Apr 27, 2023

how to contact a lawyer?

Ayush on May 04, 2023

needed legal advice…who to call

Saurav on May 11, 2023

It’s a very nice article.

Dinesh on Apr 14, 2023

Detailed and informative.

Kavitha on May 19, 2023

nice article. Good legal advice

Narayan on May 08, 2023

I have a case. Who can I contact?

Swetha on May 03, 2023

needed legal help…whom shall I contact?

Anita on Apr 24, 2023

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Hema on May 09, 2023

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Mayank on Apr 23, 2023

The writer has explained the law perfectly.

Shreya on May 05, 2023