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SECTION 103 IPC - Indian Penal Code - When the right of private defence of property extends to causing death


Last Updated: 01 Feb, 2024
By Advocate Chikirsha Mohanty


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Table of Contents

  1. Description of IPC Section 103
  2. IPC 103 in Simple Words

Description of IPC Section 103

According to section 103 of Indian penal code, The right of private defence of property extends, under the restrictions mentioned in section 99, to the voluntary causing of death or of any other harm to the wrong-doer, if the offence, the committing of which, or the attempting to commit which, occasions the exercise of the right, be an offence of any of the descriptions hereinafter enumerated, namely:

  1. Robbery;
  2. House-breaking by night;
  3. Mischief by fire committed on any building, tent or vessel, which building, tent or vessel is used as a human dwelling, or as a place for the custody of property;
  4. Theft, mischief, or house-trespass, under such circumstances as may reasonably cause apprehension that death or grievous hurt will be the consequence, if such right of private defence is not exercised.



IPC 103 in Simple Words

In simple words, Section 103 of the Indian Penal Code states that the right of private defense of property allows causing death or harm to the wrongdoer when dealing with specific offenses like robbery, house-breaking by night, mischief by fire on dwellings, or theft/mischief that may cause grievous hurt if the right of private defense is not used, subject to the restrictions in Section 99.

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FAQ's on IPC Section 103

What is IPC 103?

Section 103 enumerates the cases in which the right of defence of property may extend to the causing of death. The first is robbery. Clause secondly of the section mentions house-breaking by night, but not lurking house-trespass by night which is as severely punishable as house-breaking by night.

What is the 103 law code?

Theft, mischief, or house-trespass, under such circumstances as may reasonably cause apprehension that death or grievous hurt will be the consequence, if such right of private defence is not exercised.

What is 104 IPC?

Section 104 will apply if the wrong doers commit or attempt to commit any of the following offences: (1) theft, (2) mischief or trespass not of the description which is covered under section 103, subject of course to restrictions mentioned in section 99; and in such a case the right of private defence of property would ...