Marriage between Hindu girl and Muslim boy

June 15, 2024 हिंदी में पढ़ें

Table of Contents
  1. Interfaith Marriage in India
  2. Hindus and Muslims do marry without changing their faith in India
  3. Marriage Under Muslim Law
  4. Marriage Under the Hindu law
  5. Under the Special Marriage Act, 1954
  6. Guide on Registration of Inter-religious Marriages
  7. As per Islamic law Marriage of Hindu girl with Muslim boy is irregular
  8. Punjab and Haryana HC: Marriage Invalid as Muslim Woman Didn't Convert To Hinduism
  9. Why do you Need a Lawyer?

Marriage between a Hindu girl and a Muslim boy is governed under the Hindu law, Muslim Law, and Special Marriage Act, 1954.

The & quot religion& quot of the marriage is ascertained by the customs and ceremonies performed therein. A saptapadi (& quot seven steps& quot ) is crucial for a Hindu marriage, while a nikahnama along with a qazi and two witnesses, among other things, hold importance in an Islamic wedding. Consequently, either of them would be bound by the laws relating to maintenance, divorce, inheritance, adoption, and succession according to the religion of marriage.

Interfaith Marriage in India

Special Marriages or Inter-religious marriages, are valid regardless of the couple's previous religious beliefs. The Special Marriage Act, which regulates these partnerships, makes it possible for interfaith couples or individuals who seek marriage without the constraints of personal laws, to do so in India. Marriage must meet certain requirements in order to take place, including whether both parties are of legal age and not living with another partner. An individual has a constitutional right to decide who they wish to marry regardless of religion or caste - despite some controversy regarding interfaith relationships, particularly between Hindus and Muslims. There have been reports of commercials and films depicting Hindu-Muslim relationships receiving negative press and risking legal repercussions. However, there is a higher level of religious integration and acceptance of interreligious marriages in the southern part of India, where Hindus are more accepting of their Muslim or Christian neighbours. Notably, Goa is the only Indian state to have a universal civil code that eliminates inequalities based on caste, gender, or religion and ensures that every resident is treated equally under the law when it comes to marriage and other private concerns.

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Hindus and Muslims do marry without changing their faith in India

In Indian society, heterogeneous religious marriages have long existed. Hindu-Muslim couples who express satisfaction in their religious backgrounds without feeling obliged to abandon or degrade their individual religions do exist in a different India, despite the opposition from religious fundamentalists. It is crucial that we create an atmosphere where these many aspects of India can not only coexist but also be embraced, as opposed to being judged or mocked for having different ideas.

Marriage Under Muslim Law

Under Islamic law, when marrying a Hindu boy with a Muslim girl, the Hindu boy must convert to Islam as Islam does not recognize marriage between a non-Muslim and a Muslim. Specific conversion provisions are contained in Muslim Law provisions that exist within its laws. Muslim marriage requires two parties to engage in the ceremony voluntarily by offering the proposal (Ijab) and accepting it (Qubul), similar to how contracts are executed. Furthermore, consent must not be obtained because of coercion, fraud or undue influence. Note that Islam prohibits Muslim men and women from marrying people who are not muslims, christians or jews. Thus while a marriage under Hindu law would be perfectly valid under Special Marriage Act, such an arrangement would not be recognized under Muslim religious codes and would likely be seen as adulterous and sinful behaviour.

Marriage Under the Hindu law

Hindu law does not contain specific provisions for conversion; however, both parties (bride and bridegroom) must both be Hindu in order to marry under the Hindu Marriage Act. When ascertaining the religion of the marriage ceremony, customs and ceremonies performed may help determine its " religion", such as saptapadi (" seven steps" ) for instance, which is a customary practice in Hindu religion. A Muslim girl could convert to Hinduism before solemnising her marriage according to Hindu rites in order to bring it within the purview of this Act. A marriage between two Hindus may be solemnised under this Act provided the following conditions are fulfilled at the time of such solemnization:

  • No party must already be married at the time of marriage; thus, this Act prohibits polygamy.

  • At the time of marriage, neither party should be incapable of giving valid consent due to mental incapacity or suffering from any severe mental disorders that makes him or her unsuitable for marriage and procreation of children. There should not be frequent attacks of insanity either.

  • The parties should not be underage: bridegroom must be 21 or over; bride at 18 minimum.

  • Additionally, both parties should not fall into any degrees of forbidden relationships also known as Sapindas as per custom and be within any degree that prohibits marriage between such relations.

According to Section 11 of the Act, a marriage can even be declared null and void if either party presents a petition and if any of the following are contravened:

  • Either of the parties is already married and has a spouse living at the time of marriage.

  • Either party is underage, i.e. groom below 21 years of age and bride below 18 years.

  • The parties are sapindas or within the degrees of prohibited relationship.

According to Section 12, a marriage, although valid can later be annulled on any of the following grounds:

  • If either party is impotent and therefore unable to consummate the marriage.

  • When at the time of marriage, either party is not capable of giving valid consent due to unsoundness of mind. Even if he/she is capable of giving valid consent, has been suffering from a mental disorder to an extent that makes him/her unfit for marriage and procreation of children, or is subject to recurring attacks of insanity.

  • If the consent was obtained forcefully, or fraudulently.

  • If the bride was pregnant by another man other than the groom at the time of marriage.

  • Section 7 of the Act states that a Hindu marriage can be duly performed in accordance with the ceremonies and customs of either the bride or the groom. These ceremonies also include the Saptapadi i.e. taking of seven steps jointly before the sacred fire.

It has been stated that if Saptapadi is included in the rites and ceremonies, then the marriage becomes complete and binding when the seventh step is taken.

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Under the Special Marriage Act, 1954

The most ideal way would be for both partners to get their marriage registered under the Special Marriage Act. They can also have a wedding performed according to their own religious rites, for their own satisfaction and no conversions are required. The Special Marriage Act, 1954 provides for a special form of marriage in certain cases and for the registration of such and certain other marriages, and also for divorce available to all citizens of India married under the Act. A marriage between any two persons may be solemnised under this act, if at the time of the marriage the following conditions are fulfilled, namely:

  • Neither party's spouse is alive

  • Neither party is capable of giving their valid consent due to their unsoundness of mind or

  • even though capable of giving valid consent, has been suffering from a kind or extent of mental disorder deemed to be unfit for marriage and the procreation of children: or

  • is subject to recurrent attacks of sanity

  • the male has completed the age of 21 years and the female the age of 18 years

  • The relationship between the parties does not come within the degrees of prohibited relationship:

  • Provided that where a custom governing at least one of the parties permits of a marriage between them, such marriage may be solemnised, notwithstanding that they are within the degree of prohibited relationship and

  • Where the marriage is solemnised in the State of Jammu and Kashmir, both parties are a citizen of India domiciled in the territories to which this Act extends}.

It is also pertinent to note that Islam expressly prohibits Muslims from people who aren't Muslims, Christians, or Jews. So while a marriage according to Hindu law would be a perfectly valid marriage under the Special Marriage Act, but it would not be considered valid under the Muslim religious code and would be deemed to be an adulterous (or sinful) relationship.

Guide on Registration of Inter-religious Marriages

The procedure to register an inter-religious marriage is-

1. Giving Notice of the Marriage Couples must begin the process by giving a written notice to the appointed Marriage Officer in order to solemnise a marriage under the Special Marriage Act. This important stage is giving notice to the marriage officer in the district where either the bride or the groom has lived for at least thirty days prior to giving the notification. There is a list of mandatory paperwork that must be submitted in addition to the marriage application form, including multiple copies, proof of age (such as a birth certificate or passport), proof of address (such as a passport or voter ID card), and photo identification (such as a PAN card or voter ID card). Passport-sized pictures of the bride and groom must be included. The marriage has to be performed within three months of the marriage or the notice will have to be submitted again.

2. Publication of the Notice The Marriage Officer must keep a record of the marriage notice in their office and enter a true copy of the notice in the Marriage Notice Book, which is open to the public without charge during reasonable hours, in order to solemnise a marriage under the Special Marriage Act. In addition, the Marriage Officer posts a copy of the notice in a conspicuous spot inside their office. When a couple does not have a house in the designated district, a copy of the notice will be given to the marriage officer in the couple's home district, who will likewise post it in their office.

3. Objecting to the Marriage, inquiry and procedure After a Marriage Officer publishes the marriage notice, any person can object to the intended marriage if it violates any of the conditions for a valid marriage under the Special Marriage Act. The objection must be made within thirty days of the notice publication. Couples have 30 days to file an appeal to the district court in circumstances where objections are upheld. The judgement of the court is final. A new notification is necessary if you get married after the court's ruling but not within three months. The objections which are upheld usually are related to the couple being minor or having a living spouse.

4. Performing the Marriage In front of the marriage officer, couples sign a declaration with three witnesses present. The marriage may take place in the Officer's workplace or another location for a cost. Any type of cultural or religious event is acceptable, but a particular declaration needs to be recited. The statement that the couple take each other to be lawful wife and husband has to be made in any language followed.

5. The Marriage Certificate The marriage certificate is signed by the marriage officer after the ceremony. This certificate, which is signed by the couple and three witnesses and attests to the marriage's validity and compliance with legal criteria, serves as official documentation of their marriage under the Special Marriage Act, 1954.

As per Islamic law Marriage of Hindu girl with Muslim boy is irregular

Islam strongly supports marriage and discourages celibacy. Islamic law sees marriage as a contract, in contrast to Hindu law, which considers it as a sacrament. It is important to remember that a marriage between a Muslim and a Hindu is not recognised as lawful under Muslim law. As a result, these partnerships do not give birth to the many rights that come along with a legal marriage. However, a Supreme Court decision states that children born from such unions are regarded as genuine and are entitled to a part of their father's wealth. There are basically three types of marriages recognised by Islamic law, known as & quot Nikaah& quot : sahi (legal), batil (invalid), and fasid (irregular). According to Islam, these classifications define the marriage's legal standing.

Punjab and Haryana HC: Marriage Invalid as Muslim Woman Didn't Convert To Hinduism

The marriage of a Muslim woman (18) and a Hindu man (25) was recently declared invalid by the Punjab and Haryana High Court because she hadn't converted to Hinduism prior to the ceremony. The pair can live together, though. In response to an interfaith couple's request for protection after receiving threats from their families, the court reached this conclusion. On January 15, they got married in a Hindu temple. They went to the high court after requesting security from the Ambala superintendent of police but receiving no answer. The court ordered the Ambala SP to assure their safety, enabling them to live together while having their lives and liberties protected.

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Why do you Need a Lawyer?

Rights and laws related to marriages between individuals of different religions in India can be confusing. In order to get clarity, you can approach a family lawyer. If you have been wronged by someone regarding your rights or property, you can seek legal remedies. A good family lawyer will help you in your legal proceedings at every step of the way. A lawyer will help and guide you in the right direction after understanding the specific facts and circumstances of your case. He/She will draft the required suit/documents/legal notices, will devise the best method you need to undertake in order to get justice, and will also represent you in the courts if need be. Thus, hiring a family lawyer will help you in more ways than one. You can also use LawRato's Ask a Free Question service to get free advice on your legal issue from expert lawyers.

These guides are not legal advice, nor a substitute for a lawyer
These articles are provided freely as general guides. While we do our best to make sure these guides are helpful, we do not give any guarantee that they are accurate or appropriate to your situation, or take any responsibility for any loss their use might cause you. Do not rely on information provided here without seeking experienced legal advice first. If in doubt, please always consult a lawyer.

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Comments by Users

Agr ek ladka Hindu se muslim Bane to usne name change Kiya khudka lekin papa ka name aur title alag ho to issa kuch issue hoga

Reply by LawRato
It is not clear whether you have changed your name for the purpose of marriage or for any other reason. It is also not clear that you are asking regarding propery inheritence or rites of marriage. Since your question is specific and requires more information in order to guide you better, it is advised that you click on the link below and send in your detailed query for Free Legal Advice.

Free Legal Advice by Expert Lawyers

What is the validity of a marriage of a Muslim male with a hindu female

Reply by LawRato
Marriage between muslim male and hindu female is valid and has been recognised as so under the Special Marriage Act. The article above explains this in detail.

I am a Muslim and girl is hindu I want marry her

Reply by LawRato
In India, marriage between individuals of different religions is legal. There is no law in India that prohibits marriage between individuals of different religions. However, if you wish to marry a Hindu girl, you may need to follow certain procedures and fulfill certain requirements in order to get married, under Special Marriage Act.

Generally, a valid marriage in India requires the consent of both parties, and both parties must be at least 18 years old. There may also be certain documents that need to be presented in order to register the marriage.

Wasim Akram Mondal
I am a 23 years muslim boy lives in India.. can i marry with my 22years age love who belongs in a hindu family...?

Kitne pese milte hai shaadi krne p govt ki trf se

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what is the procedure to register a hindu-muslim marriage?

Kishan on May 31, 2024

Very nice article. Can you please share the law governing hindu-muslim divorce?

Santhosh on Jul 05, 2024

Good article on marriage of hindu and muslim. Also tell about other religions.

Ajit on Jul 05, 2024

Please tell rights of muslim girl in marriage

Rishi on Jul 08, 2024

Can you please share about divorce between hindu girl and muslim boy?

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it’s a very nice legal article

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Had a good time reading the article.

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very well written

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thanks for the information

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good work

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Gave me a very clear idea of the subject.

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thank you for the article

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thank you for the information

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how to contact a lawyer?

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needed more information on the law

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good work

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A well written article.

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