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SECTION 491 IPC - Indian Penal Code - Breach of contract to attend on and supply wants of helpless persons


Last Updated: 01 Feb, 2024
By Advocate Chikirsha Mohanty


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Table of Contents

  1. Description of IPC Section 491
  2. IPC 491 in Simple Words
  3. IPC Section 491 related FAQs

Description of IPC Section 491

According to section 491 of Indian penal code, Whoever, being bound by a lawful contract to attend on or to supply the wants of any person who, by reason of youth, or of unsoundness of mind, or of a disease or bodily weakness, is helpless or incapable of providing for his own safety or of supplying his own wants, voluntarily omits so to do, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to three months, or with fine which may extend to two hundred rupees, or with both.



IPC 491 in Simple Words

If someone is legally obligated to take care of or provide for a person who is helpless due to youth, unsoundness of mind, disease, or bodily weakness, but they willingly fail to do so, they can be punished with imprisonment for up to three months, a fine of up to two hundred rupees, or both.

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Whoever, being bound by a lawful contract to attend on or to supply the wants of any person who, by reason of youth, or of unsoundness of mind, or of a disease or bodily weakness, is helpless or incapable of providing for his own safety or of supplying his own wants, voluntarily omits so to do, shall be punished with ...


Offence : Being bound to attend on or supply the wants of a person who is helpless from youth, unsoundness of mind or disease, and voluntarily omitting to do so


Punishment : 3 Months or Fine or Both


Cognizance : Non-Cognizable


Bail : Bailable


Triable : Any Magistrate





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FAQ's on IPC Section 491

Is Section 491 IPC compoundable or not?

This section is Bailable, Non-cognizable and Compoundable.

What is Section 492 of the IPC?

What is Section 492 of the IPC?

What is IPC 490 case?

IPC Section 490 - Breach of contract of service during voyage or journey.

What is the IPC section for breach of agreement?

Section 491:- Breach of contract to attend on and supply wants of helpless person. 31 Oct 2022