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SECTION 326A IPC - Indian Penal Code - Voluntarily causing grievous hurt by use of acid, etc.[1]


Last Updated: 01 Feb, 2024
By Advocate Chikirsha Mohanty


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Table of Contents

  1. Description of IPC Section 326A
  2. IPC 326A in Simple Words
  3. IPC Section 326A related FAQs

Description of IPC Section 326A

According to section 326A of Indian penal code, Whoever causes permanent or partial damage or deformity to, or bums or maims or disfigures or disables, any part or parts of the body of a person or causes grievous hurt by throwing acid on or by administering acid to that person, or by using any other means with the intention of causing or with the knowledge that he is likely to cause such injury or hurt, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which shall not be less than ten years but which may extend to imprisonment for life, and with fine;

Provided that such fine shall be just and reasonable to meet the medical expenses of the treatment of the victim;

Provided further that any fine imposed under this section shall be paid to the victim.



IPC 326A in Simple Words

Section 326A of the Indian Penal Code punishes those who cause severe harm, such as permanent damage, deformity, or grievous hurt to someone by throwing acid or using any other means, with imprisonment of 10 years to life and a fine. The fine is intended to cover the victim's medical expenses.

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The Section 326 A in the Indian Penal Code lays down the punishment for acid attacks. The minimum punishment is 10 years' imprisonment. It can extend up to life imprisonment with fine. A separate law to punish offenders in such cases was passed along with amendment of law on sexual offences.


Offence : Voluntarily causing grievous hurt by use of acid, etc.


Punishment : 10 years to Life + Fine paid to the victim


Cognizance : Cognizable


Bail : Non-bailable


Triable : Court of Session





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FAQ's on IPC Section 326A

What is section 326A?

It states that whoever causes permanent or partial damage, disfigures or disables any part of the body of a person or causes grievous hurt by throwing acid shall be punished with imprisonment of a term not less than ten years, which may extend to imprisonment for life, and with fine. 13 Oct 2022

What is acid attack section 326A and 326B?

The Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2013 inserted new section 326A and 326B in the Indian Penal Code and made specific offences of grievous hurt by use of acid and throwing or attempting to throw acid etc.

What is the difference between 326A and 326B?

IPC 326A - causing grievous hurt by acid or Any explosive means. Illustration A attacks B with acid or fire bomb, etc in order to disfigure any parts of B's body. IPC 326B - voluntarily or attempting to throw acid or any explosives means. Illustration A attempts to throw an acid or firing cloth dipped with petrol on B. 20 May 2020

What is Section 326B of the IPC?

under Section 326-B of the IPC, an offence is made out only if a person throws or attempts to throw 'acid' on another person, and not any other liquid or substance, the Delhi High Court has held. 9 Nov 2023