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SECTION 171C IPC - Indian Penal Code - Undue influence at elections


Last Updated: 01 Feb, 2024
By Advocate Chikirsha Mohanty


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Table of Contents

  1. Description of IPC Section 171C
  2. IPC 171C in Simple Words

Description of IPC Section 171C

According to section 171C of Indian penal code,

  1. Whoever voluntarily interferes or attempts to interfere with the free exercise of any electoral right commits the offence of undue influence at an election.
  2. Without prejudice to the generality of the provisions of sub-section (1), whoever
    1. threatens any candidate or voter, or any person in whom a candidate or voter is interested, with injury of any kind, or
    2. induces or attempts to induce a candidate or voter to believe that he or any person in whom he is interested will become or will be rendered an object of Divine displeasure or of spiritual censure, shall be deemed to interfere with the free exercise of the electoral right of such candidate or voter, within the meaning of sub-section (1).
  3. A declaration of public policy or a promise of public action, or the mere exercise or a legal right without intent to interfere with an electoral right, shall not be deemed to be interference within the meaning of this section.


IPC 171C in Simple Words

Section 171C of the Indian Penal Code states that anyone who voluntarily interferes or attempts to interfere with someone's free exercise of their electoral right commits the offence of undue influence at an election, which includes threatening or inducing a candidate or voter in any way that affects their voting freedom.

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FAQ's on IPC Section 171C

What is Section 171 of the Criminal Code?

171. Wearing garb or carrying token used by public servant with fraudulent intent.

What is Section 171 G IPC?

Whoever with intent to affect the result of an election makes or publishes any statement purporting to be a statement of fact which is false and which he either knows or believes to be false or does not believe to be true, in relation to the personal character or conduct of any candidate shall be punished with fine.

Is Section 171E bailable or not?

Punishmentu2014Imprisonment for 1 year, or fine, or both or if treating only, fine onlyu2014Non-cognizableu2014 Bailableu2014Triable by Magistrate of the first classu2014Non-compoundable. 1. Section 171E ins. by Act 39 of 1920, sec.