A complete guide on filing income tax IT returns in India

August 16, 2022
By Advocate Chikirsha Mohanty

Once again it is that time of the year where the masses go mad over taxes. You must comply with these deadlines. Compliance with deadlines is essential to avoid any unnecessary cough-up of additional taxes. Before we go into details let's first understand what is Income Tax returns. 

What is Income Tax Return (ITR)?

An income tax return is a proof that you have an income for which you have paid tax. According to the Income Tax Act, 1961, the term ‘return of income’ means proof of income earned by an individual or a business entity. Filing of income tax returns (ITR) is a voluntary but mandatory obligation where you report your income, capital gain, and other allowances and reliefs claimed for a particular year. It is mandatory for every person to file his ITR as per the taxation rates imposed by the government if his income exceeds the exempted tax bracket.

Who is required to file Income Tax Return (ITR)?

All those individuals whose annual income exceeds the basic exemption tab have to file ITR, you have to file your returns if you fall under any of the following categories.

  1. Individuals (men and women both) with taxable income exceeding Rs 250,000 p.a.

  2. Senior Citizens with taxable income exceeding Rs 300,000 p.a.

  3. Senior citizens aged more than 80 years with taxable income exceeding Rs. 500,000 p.a.

Companies, Partnerships, and Proprietorship: Income tax is calculated at a rate of 25% if the gross turnover is up to 50 crores in the previous year and 30% for companies with turnover exceeding 50,000 crores. 

When your employer is deducting the tax- 

If your employer is taking care of your taxes by deducting them from your salary then you need not worry. You only have to take care of any additional income that you may be receiving from other sources. If this additional income after reducing TDS is 10,000 or more, you would be liable to pay your advance tax in 4 installments. The last installment would have been due on 15th March. If you have missed paying taxes then you must do so before 31st March to avoid paying interest. 

Know about tax instruments-

To lower your tax outgo you should make tax investments in tax-saving instruments under Section 80C, 80D, etc. These include a contribution towards ELSS, PPF account, National Pension Scheme, medical premium, and premium towards life insurance cover. You will get a deduction of Rs.1.5 lakh for investments in the Public Provident Fund, life insurance premium, national savings certificate, 5-year bank or post office deposits, an equity-linked savings scheme, principal repayment for housing loan, etc. You are eligible for a deduction under Section 80D if you are paying the medical insurance premium for yourself, your spouse, or your children up to 25,000.  Tax exemption is allowed for up to Rs 50,000 in a year under Section 80CCD, which is over and above the benefit available of Rs 1.5 lakh under Section 80C. Investment can also be made under 80C and 80D at the time of filing tax returns or before 31st March.

File your belated returns- 

In case if you have missed filing returns for the financial year 2015-16 or 2016-17 on or before 31st March 2018. You can also revise your returns if it requires any corrections. This will be called a belated return. You can get a notice for “Income escaping assessment” if you fail to comply with the deadlines. 

Why file your Income Tax Return (ITR)?

  • Banks and High commissions of various countries, and certain credit card companies insist on proof of tax return before extending your credit and issuing a card. The same goes for financial institutions, which may rely on ITRs of the past few years before undertaking business transactions with you.

  • A good record of ITR can reflect strongly on your image as an individual and as a business when it comes to winning contracts and procuring high-profile projects. Sometimes, tender applications for large-scale infrastructure and other government projects are scrutinized based on the ITRs of the past 5–7 years along with other factors.

  • In case of accidental death of an insured individual due to a road accident, insurance claims are empowered by providing a clean record of ITR. Any missing returns can weaken the claim in case the insurance policy hits a disputed path. The Life insurance companies also ask for ITR documents against high-value policies.

  • ITRs are taken as a trusted yardstick by angel and seed investors and venture capitalists. Gaining visibility on your cash flows can become easy with a healthy tax record.

  • Short- or long-term capital losses or losses of any other type incurred by an individual or a business can be recovered if they are accounted for in the tax return filed in that financial year. 

How to file your Income tax return online?

  1. Register yourself on the Income Tax Department's website using your details. Your permanent account number (PAN) will be your user ID. 

  2. There are two ways of e-filing your income tax return. First, you can go to the download section and select the requisite form, save it on your desktop and fill in all the details. Click on 'generate XML'. Then go to the website again and click on the 'upload XML' button. You will have to first log into to upload the XML file saved on your desktop and click on submit. 

  3. You can go to the quick e-file section of the website. Log in and select the form and the assessment year for which you are filing the return and fill in all the details. 

  4. Select the forms on the basis of the source of your income. In the case of an individual with salary, pension income, income from one house property, or income from other sources excluding lottery, you have to select Form ITR-1, also known as 'SAHAJ'. If you have capital gains, you will have to file Form ITR-2. 

  5. Keep a few documents such as your PAN number, Form 16, your interest statement, tax deducted at source (TDS) details, and investments prove handy while e-filing your income tax return. 

  6.  An additional column called "AL" has been added, in which you will have to disclose the value of your assets and liabilities at the end of the year, in case your income for the year is more than Rs 50 lakh. 

  7. You can also download your Form 26AS, which is your consolidated tax statement summarizing the tax paid against your PAN. You can validate your tax return with Form 26AS to check you tax liability. 

  8. Once you are submitting the form, an acknowledgement number is generated in case the return is submitted using a digital signature. If the return is submitted without a digital signature, an ITR-V is generated and is sent to your registered email ID. ITR-V is an acknowledgement that your return has been submitted. 

  9. You can also e-verify your return through electronic verification by using the e-verify return option on the website. You can also use the net banking, Aadhaar-based one-time password to e-verify it.


These guides are not legal advice, nor a substitute for a lawyer
These articles are provided freely as general guides. While we do our best to make sure these guides are helpful, we do not give any guarantee that they are accurate or appropriate to your situation, or take any responsibility for any loss their use might cause you. Do not rely on information provided here without seeking experienced legal advice first. If in doubt, please always consult a lawyer.

Googling your legal issue online?

The internet is not a lawyer and neither are you.
Talk to a real lawyer about your legal issue.

Comments by Users

No Comments! Be the first one to comment.

Popular Tax Lawyers

Advocate Suksham Aggarwal
District and Sessions Court, Ambala
10 years Experience
Advocate Bala Janaki
330 Thambuchetty Street, Chennai
38 years Experience
Advocate Ravi Jadhav
Koregaon Park, Pune
15 years Experience
Advocate Vikash Shangari
City Civil Court, Jamshedpur
16 years Experience
Connect with top Tax lawyers for your specific issue

Tax Law Articles

Here is what you should do if you receive a notice under Section 143(2)

Procedure and duration for claiming a tax refund

Steps for e-filing VAT returns in India

Penalties for income tax evasion

User Reviews

LawRato LawRato LawRato LawRato LawRato 4.8 - 17 reviews

good advice. Who can I contact for my legal issue?

Satish on May 19, 2023

good article. Very helpful

Jyothi on May 09, 2023

thank you for the information

Sakshi on May 08, 2023

The article is written ver well. Learned a lot about my case through this.

Nilesh on Apr 23, 2023

its very helpful on the subject

Madhuri on May 05, 2023

how to contact a lawyer from your website

Laxmi on May 27, 2023

learned all the basics about the legal issue. Good article. Keep it up.

Anurag on May 10, 2023

thanks for the legal advice

Sumit on May 07, 2023

I have legal query. Who can I call?

Chirag on Apr 21, 2023

needed more information on the law

Vimal on Apr 30, 2023

very helpful

Harish on May 15, 2023

great advice. Thanks

Navneet on May 02, 2023

Good work with the article.

Vipul on May 30, 2023

it’s a very good article

Krishan on Apr 25, 2023

very good article. Can you tell me more about the law?

Nagesh on Apr 26, 2023

nice legal article.

Monica on Apr 17, 2023

thanks for the information

Sangeeta on Apr 21, 2023