• Declare Hindi as National Language: PIL in Delhi HC

    September 18, 2016

    A petition has been filed before the High Court of Delhi for declaring Hindi as the national language.

    The petition, filed by advocate and Delhi BJP spokesperson Ashwini Kumar Upadhyay, demanded that Hindi be taught as a compulsory subject for all children aged 6-14 years, in spirit of Articles 343, 344, 351, read with Article 21A and Preamble of the Constitution.

    Article 343 of the Constitution declares Hindi in Devanagari script as the official language of India, Article 351 issues a directive to the Union to strive towards development of the Hindi language. Article 344 directs the constitution of a commission and committee of Parliament on official language. Relying on these provisions, the petition asserted that the framers of the Constitution had envisaged that Hindi, with the help of other Indian languages, would evolve as a composite language capable of being accepted by people living in non-Hindi speaking regions.

    The petition further stated that education to the children aged 6 to 14 years in its present form will be “meaningless” unless compulsory and free education is provided on equal basis to all the children of the said age group. This, it claimed, could be achieved only when a common syllabus and curriculum is introduced. Hence, advocating for introduction of the language as a compulsory subject, it reasoned, “Teaching Hindi language even up to basic conducive ultimately to integration in the country and also help in smooth functioning between states and the Central Government.”

    “Without declaring the Hindi as the national language of India and without making it a compulsory subject for the children aged 6-14 years throughout the country, equality of status and of opportunity can’t be secured and fraternity assuring dignity unity and integrity of the nation cannot be promoted thus causes injury,” it stated.


    As per the Constitution, India is a multi-lingual nation with 22 languages. Although constitution does states that Hindi should be the official language of India, however there is no specific mandate to suggest that any provision has been made or order issued declaring Hindi as a national language. Government is obviously striving hard to secure it as our National language, but there are hurdles to meet as India is a home to diverse people with different mother-tongues. Making Hindi compulsory might not go well with them.

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