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How to file a case against public nuisance?


24-Jul-2023 (In Criminal Law)
In our locality a bike dealer park 20-30 two wheeler vehicles all unregistered on the roadside and on the footpath as well. I want to know weather a bike dealer can legally park bikes on public road for business purpose, and if No, what traffic rules he is violating. Even after complaining to Traffic Police no action is been taken. The Reason police give is they cant take any action because there is no "NO PARKING" signboard in that area. It is creating nuisance to other shops in the same premises and affecting our business. Please suggest with what one can do against it. Thanks & Regards, Mikhil B
Answers (2)

Answer #1
905 votes
Public nuisance derives support from section 91 of CPC that lays down the procedure for initiation of a civil suit for the offense of public nuisance. Being purely procedural, the section gives the flexibility of seeking parallel remedies in criminal jurisdiction or damages under law of torts. The marginal note of section 91 reads: public nuisance and other wrongful acts affecting the public. Inclusion of ‘other wrongful acts affecting public' besides public nuisance widens the scope of the section to incorporate various situations which although do not fall under the accepted straitjacket definitions of nuisance, yet are a cause of discomfort and inconvenience to the public. For instance, courts have read slaughtering of cattle on a public street or encroachment upon a public street by construction of buildings as legitimate cause of action for a claim for public nuisance by the virtue of it being a wrongful act against public.
Section 91 of CPC states that
(1) In the case of a public nuisance the Advocate General or two or more persons having obtained the consent in writing of the Advocate General, may institute a suit, though no special damage has been caused, for a declaration and injunction or for such other relief as may be appropriate to the circumstances of the case.
(2) Nothing in this section shall be deemed to limit or otherwise affect any right of suit which may exist independently of its provisions.
As per the General Clauses Act 1897, the definition of nuisance for the purpose of section 91, CPC has to be borrowed from section 268 IPC. The definition of nuisance excludes from its ambit the instances of legalized nuisance. Legalized nuisance are cases when the nuisance cause is statutorily approved and in the interest of greater good and social welfare. For instance, the running of railway engines and trains or establishment of the yard, despite being a legitimate cause of nuisance, is not punishable under IPC or a valid ground for invoking Section 91.
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Answer #2
450 votes
Call the local police and file a written complaint for public nuisance. If they do not respond, you can send a complaint via speed post to your nearest police station. You can file an online complaint with the National Green Tribunal (NGT), if it is about environmental nuisance. The fee for this is Rs 1000.
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