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Just one in 13 gender crimes are being reported in Delhi

  •  The fear of lengthy investigations and litigation along with retaliations instill a doubt or fear in the minds of women which results in them not reporting the case. Thus it was not surprising when it was found that only 1 of 13 gender crimes which take place are being reported to the Delhi police. Mumbai too is facing a similar condition where 1 out of nine gender crimes are being reported as per the Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative (CHRI).

    The situation is almost not acceptable when the percentages of total crimes being reported are considered. As per the study named Crime Victimization and Safety Perception only half of the crimes out of the total crimes being committed are reported to the police stations and registered as FIRs.
    When sexual harassment cases were taken into considered none of the six cases were considered and in Mumbai only two of five cases were filed as FIRs. 1 in every case of Delhi crimes incorporate sexual harassment whereas it 1 in 25 cases in Mumbai. The sexual harassment cases in Delhi comprised of passing inappropriate comments or gaping at women which comprised 94% of such crimes. Mumbai’s condition was way worse than Delhi’s where a quarter of cases had reported groping, indecent touching or men following women.

    CHRI studied seven overall categories out of which theft topped the Delhi crime list and sexual harassment came second with 9% over all crimes. Physical assaults were placed at the third position with registering just over 9% of crimes. Physical violence constitutes two-thirds of the crimes in the national capital whereas in Mumbai it constitutes four-fifths which include grabbing, shoving, slapping or beating. Attacks with objects such as knives, guns, etc. constitute 11% cases in Delhi and in Mumbai 10%.

    These percentages have been stable over all sorts of crimes and the reasons given in certain crimes are more emphasized in some cases than the other. Example: 80 households in Delhi faced sexual harassment out of them74 did not ask police for help. 52 clearly stated that they did not want to get involved with long procedures of litigations. 45 cases of sexual harassment were reported in Mumbai among those only 5 were reported to the police. Out of them the victims of 26 cases had a fear of retaliation instilled in them and thus wanted to avoid the police.

    As a whole in Delhi and Mumbai, 7 out of 10 households report crimes in the Police Station. The most common crimes in both the cities were theft which included break-ins and assaults- two thirds of the households who experienced these reported it to the police. Overall, nearly half of these crimes which were reported in Delhi were by means of a helpline including the Police Helpline 100. Taking into account this percentage only a quarter of crimes were reported in Mumbai by telephonic means.

    If all the crimes in both the cities are considered then half of the cases reported to the police have been registered as FIRs. What is understood by this is that only half of the crimes were reported and this further means that only a quarter of the cases were registered as FIRs.
     

    OUR TAKE
     

    We agree with the statistics given by the CHRI as we too have come across people facing similar dilemmas. We were not shocked to know that theft topped the crime list as considering the kind of security personals people are hiring only substandard security can be expected out of them. Proper rules and regulations and more importantly, the enactment and implementation of these would ensure higher awareness and higher number of cases being reported. A prime example is the Nirbhaya case. After such a case, the Delhi Police saw a sharp hike in the number of cases reported.  


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