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INDIAN KANOON SECTION 354D IPC - Indian Penal Code - Stalking [1]

  • Description

    (1) Any man who—

    1. follows a woman and contacts, or attempts to contact such woman to foster personal interaction repeatedly despite a clear indication of disinterest by such woman; or
    2. monitors the use by a woman of the internet, email or any other form of electronic communication,
      commits the offence of stalking;

      Provided that such conduct shall not amount to stalking if the man who pursued it proves that—
      1. it was pursued for the purpose of preventing or detecting crime and the man accused of stalking had been entrusted with the responsibility of prevention and detection of crime by the State; or
      2. it was pursued under any law or to comply with any condition or requirement imposed by any person under any law; or
      3. in the particular circumstances such conduct was reasonable and justified.

    (2) Whoever commits the offence of stalking shall be punished on first conviction with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to three years, and shall also be liable to fine; and be punished on a second or subsequent conviction, with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to five years, and shall also be liable to fine.

    1 Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2013


    Applicable Offences

    Stalking
    Punishment - Upto 3 years + Fine for first conviction! Upto 5 years + Fine for second or subsequent conviction!
    This is a Bailable! Non-bailable! , Cognizable! Cognizable! offence and triable by Any Magistrate! Any Magistrate!

    This offence is NOT compoundable.


    1.If an offence is cognizable, police has the authority to arrest the accused without a warrant and to start an investigation with or without the permission of a court. Otherwise police does not have the authority to arrest the accused without a warrant and an investigation cannot be initiated without a court order.

    2.If an offience is bailable, police has the authority to release the accused on bail on getting the defined surety amount along with a duly filled bail bond at the concerned police station. Otherwise arrested person has to apply for bail before a magistrate or court

    3. If an offence is compoundable, a compromise can be done between the accused and the victim, and a trial can be avoided. Otherwise, No compromise is allowed between the accused and the victim except under certain situations, where the High Court or the Supreme Court have the authority for quashing a matter.

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  Supreme Court of India
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